Persian idioms pdf

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Zahra Amirian. Isar Aeinedar. The purpose of this study is to investigate the strategies employed more frequently in translating idioms in dubbing of Animations from English into Persian.

Following this aim, three animations named Home, Frozen, and Brave were selected and the idioms were identified. Then, a Persian dubbed version of each animation was selected and the translations of the idioms were compared with their English versions in order to see which of the seven strategies proposed by Newmark enjoyed the highest frequency.

The results showed that conversion to sense and replacing the SL idiom with a standard TL idiom were the most frequent strategies. Also, another strategy named changing the idiom was added by the researchers to Newmark's model for translating idioms from English into Persian in dubbing. Keywords: animations, dubbing, idioms, translating idioms 1 Introduction One factor which troubles communication among people with different mother tongues is language, but it seems that translation can, to some extent, leave this trouble behind.

In Fattawi's words, When language becomes a barrier to communication, the classic alternative solution to this problem is translation.

In many non-English speaking countries, translated broadcast materials, either for entertainment or instructional purposes, constitute a great if not dominant portion of the overall number of mediated resources in those particular countries.

First is a translation process known as dubbing. With this method, every spoken word, including voice-over narration as usually employed in instructional programs, is translated into the target language" Fattawi,p. Szarkowska believes that the purpose of dubbing is to make the audience feel as if they were watching a program in their native language. With this method, spoken words are translated and presented in the form of text superimposed on the visual, typically at the bottom part of the screen.

As it does not require reading, it is ideal for children and markets with lower levels of general education. Many companies prefer dubbing as it more closely reflects the experience of the original production. Despite the increasing popularity of simple voice-overs and subtitling, the process of dubbing and lip synchronization is still one of the preferred methods to watch video content in another language.

However, "the process is also influenced by authorities' ideas to preserve cultural and religious" traditions Amirian, Dabaghi, and Shariati, Teilanyop.

As Larson puts it: A single word may have various senses and these senses are signaled by the context.

These senses include primary and secondary senses. Primary sense is the sense which will come to the minds of most speakers of the language when the word is cited in isolation, and the secondary senses are those which are dependent upon context for an indication of the sense intended.

However, words also may have figurative senses p. In prescriptive approaches, translation theorists Nida, Taber, Newmark, etc. According to Newmarkit is fairly difficult to suit the equivalence of meaning to equivalence of frequency in translating idiomatic into idiomatic language. In his opinion, the main problems that a translator is faced with are lexical rather than grammatical; those lexical problems include words, collocations, and fixed phrases or idioms Newmark, Hence, lack of equivalence in the target language may be one of the main difficulties for the translator Straksiene, Finding equivalence becomes even harder when facing culture-specific idioms and expressions because they may refer to some item or event peculiar to a particular culture and thus, it will be difficult to translate such idioms Straksiene, Therefore, selecting the most important strategy to transfer an SL idiom into the TL is truly important.

Bakerp. All in all, idioms are found in almost all languages. As some of the idioms are culture-specific, it is sometimes hard to understand the meaning of them. Thus, the translator must not only master the source language but also be aware of the culture behind each idiom. Newmarkqtd. Reproducing the same image in the TL 2. Replacing the image in the SL with a standard TL image 3.Translating idioms and sayings into other languages is always an exercise in humor- often, you've repeated them so many times without thinking about what is literally being said.

We decided to make a list of the 11 funniest Persian sayings and translate them literally into English, along with a photo accompaniment of their literal meanings.

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Try to take a guess at what they actually mean before reading the explanations below. You'll hear adults saying this to kids all the time especially while pinching their cheeks. It's also used when someone says something adorable- but beware, sometimes it could be used in a slightly demeaning way, or to belittle someone. The equivalent is if an adult says something in English, and another adult answers back 'Oh, you're so cute! Though it literally means 'the poison of a snake,' this phrase means 'Shut up!

This is another endearing statement in the Persian language, and means something along the lines of 'I love you' or 'I'll do anything for you. It's a way of expressing some intense love. Although literally meaning I have your weather or air, this statement is the Persian equivalent of the English 'I have your back.

Similar to 'I want to eat your liver,' one of the most loving terms of endearment you can direct to someone is to tell them you that they are your liver. While this may not sound romantic in English, it has quite an effect in the Persian language. Although this saying literally means 'salty', it has the opposite meaning of what you might think. Conversely, bee namak refers to a humorless, dry person.

Although this is an extreme saying, it is used quite frequently in the Persian language. It literally means 'I would like to be sacrificed for you', but is used simply as a term of affection. This Persian phrase is used to mean 'they tricked me'.

ِEnglish-Persian Slangs, Idioms, Expressions to Sound Natural- I missed my appointment.

This is a very common Iranian saying, and it means 'You were missed'. Anytime you speak of an event that was very enjoyable, but the person you are talking to was not present, you are obligated to tell them that they were missed in the situation. This way, they know you were thinking of them, and that it would have been better if they'd been there. Although it doesn't literally mean 'I ate the ground', khordan can be used either to mean 'to hit' OR 'to eat'.

This phrase is used to signify 'I fell to the ground' or 'I fell down'. This is a phrase that is in the not-so-nice category.There are some words and expressions in languages that we learn that for one reason or another we like and aim to use at some point. How to use it: Like in this scene from Shahgoosh : the mother and daughter go to the police station and are a little overwhelmed by all the chaos and commotion around them. There are people arguing, people yelling, and one random guy rapping in the corner.

How poetically on point is this phrase? Alternatively, you can use balbashoanother one of my favorite words. How to use it: Just as you would in English.

What a kosher birth! Honestly, that restaurant has really fantastic food! How to use it: In yet another scene from Shahgooshthe old man has lost a bag containing a large sum of money and asks the police to help him retrieve it.

persian idioms pdf

Meaning: I got my hopes up [and was ultimately let down]. How to use it: For better or worse, tagh o lagh is very much a cultural concept. Which is why you should never plan anything important at any time considered tagh o lagh.

And the minute my foot is out the door, I crawl back into my shell, unable to understand why anyone would talk to me when they could just send a text. Literally: Goodness and asking? Bah bah! Pontia writes and blogs about all things Iran: culture, language, and travel. She was born and raised in the US and has lived in Tehran for four years, the combination of which gives her an unbiased perspective on Iran and a unique ability to explain cultural nuances to foreigners.

A teacher and lifelong learner, she delivers cultural explainers and language tips for Iranophiles. It helps me stay motivated. Hi Camilla, welcome! Good luck with your studies! Is Jan slightly more formal or polite than Joon or are they the same thing, just pronounced differently?

When is it ok to use these terms with an acquaintance or online language partner? Do females use it with other females but not with male friends? Hi Camilla jan! Joon and jan are the same, just different pronunciations. And they have many different uses which you might have already seen here. Lots of exceptions. Merci, mamnoon! Thank you so much! That was incredibly helpful. I think I understand much better now. Updated: 8 July There are some words and expressions in languages that we learn that for one reason or another we like and aim to use at some point.

Meaning: Speak of the devil How to use it: Just as you would in English. Gooreto gom kon Literally: Go lose your grave! Meaning: Get the hell out of here! Kachalam kardan Literally: They made me bald.There are certain body parts that Iranians hold especially dear, and this is reflected in the Persian language. Matters of the heart are expressed with del which is also the anatomical stomach rather than ghalb which is the anatomical heart.

We compliment people with phrases related to the eye. You can find the Persian spelling of all the phrases in the PDF at the end of the post.

Saying chashm shows respect and implies that you value the person and what they had to say. If you use either of these, the pronunciation sounds more like cheshmnot chashm.

Sometimes, Iranians make this gesture in lieu of the phrase.

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The polite response to chashm? They are so welcome, in fact, that they can step on your precious eyes as they make their grand entrance! The small difference between the two lies in the time. You might remember this one from a previous post. Because saying a simple thank you is accepting the compliment. It implies that the visitor has brought light and goodness to the house. You may find out by chance and still use this phrase. This is a phrase that I feel like hyphenated Iranians inevitably say in Persian.

But this idea of cheshmo ham cheshmi is unfortunately quite common in Iran and one of the more negative aspects of Iranian culture, in my opinion. So there are some of our common Persian idioms and expressions related to the eye. Be sure to download the PDF reference below which also contains the Persian spelling. Pontia writes and blogs about all things Iran: culture, language, and travel.

She was born and raised in the US and has lived in Tehran for four years, the combination of which gives her an unbiased perspective on Iran and a unique ability to explain cultural nuances to foreigners. A teacher and lifelong learner, she delivers cultural explainers and language tips for Iranophiles. Cheshmo ham cheshmi This is a phrase that I feel like hyphenated Iranians inevitably say in Persian. Expressions idioms vocabulary.

By Pontia. Pontia Pontia writes and blogs about all things Iran: culture, language, and travel. You Might Also Like.

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Rezvani Kalajahi. Special thanks also to all my colleagues for their helpful assistance, comments, and suggestions. Whatever faults and shortcomings remain in the book must be laid entirely at our door.

Seyed Ali Rezvani, M. In fact the use of idioms is so widespread that understanding these expressions is essential to successful communication, whether in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students learn idioms and slang in authentic situation.

I mean without the knowledge of idioms and slang, even the best speech will remain awkward and ordinary. I suppose it's a lost cause. B -The police searched for the missing girl for two weeks, but finally gave it up as a lost cause. B "That's really killing two birds with one stone. B "If you guys like garlic, this pickled garlic is killer stuff. B "Don't do it, you are spooking your sister. B "I hate people who are tight-fisted.

B "We are a team and as a team we are supposed to have each other's back. B "Down the line, it's going to be worth less than you paid for it. A "Holy shit, we scored a goal! B "Holy shit, what are you doin' here pal?About the Dictionary.

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Search help. Font help. Hayyim, Sulayman. New Persian-English dictionary, complete and modern, designed to give the English meanings of over 50, words, terms, idioms, and proverbs in the Persian language, as well as the transliteration of the words in English characters.

Together with a sufficient treatment of all the grammatical features of the Persian Language. No part of this material in the dictionary may be stored, transmitted, retransmitted, lent, or reproduced in any form or medium without the permission of Mr.

Darioush Haim. The option for exclusively searching entry words only encompasses the Perso-Arabic words.

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The roman transliteration of entry words is not consistently available for entries and so is not searchable. The data conversion and presentation of this dictionary was sponsored by the University of Chicago with support from the U. Department of Education.

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Data for this dictionary was most recently updated in November This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. This page was last generated on Thursday 12 December at by dsal uchicago.The KudoZ open glossary is a browsable glossary of terms translated via the KudoZ term help network. You can request verification for native languages by completing a simple application that takes only a couple of minutes.

persian idioms pdf

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10 Persian Idioms and Phrases Related to the Eye

Close and don't show again Close. Close search. Term search Jobs Translators Clients Forums. Term search All of ProZ. When pigs fly! More power to your elbow! Harke ro tavus khahad, jur-e hendustan keshad. He that would have fruit must climb the tree. Khoda rahmatesh kone. May God have mercy on him. Man fatehasham miferestam. I will recite Fatiha for him. Smoke and mirrors. One who throws a clod deserves to be hit by a stone. Practice makes perfect. I smell a rat; there's something fishy going on.

Whatever you do, it is your own doing even if all of it is good or bad. You touch me, and you'll touch off soon lit. You can't teach grandma to suck eggs.

persian idioms pdf

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